Newsletter 2 – To all our Verlorenkloof Owners, Friends and Guests   

Newsletter 2 – To all our Verlorenkloof Owners, Friends and Guests   

I can hardly believe that the second term has already passed.  So many things have happened during this term.

Our babies are all crawling, and some are well on their way to start walking.  As they reach their milestones, the crèche keeps adapting inside to accommodate their safety and play area.  You cannot believe how smart these little ones are. These toddlers can count to 10 in Sepedi and to 5 in English. They know their age-appropriate colours and shapes.  They love singing and dancing.  Teaching takes place in their home language and I speak English to them so that they can also learn another language.    Some of the 3–4-year-olds have started greeting me in English when they arrive at school.  You just want to hug them for being so teachable and smart.  In the meantime, I’m also learning to speak Sepedi.  I’m getting there but definitely not as fast as these little people.

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Rugby Coaching Clinic at Verlorenkloof

Rugby Coaching Clinic at Verlorenkloof

Rugby Coaching Clinic @ Verlorenkloof

During the weekend of 9-11 June 2023, we hosted another successful rugby coaching clinic involving the local farm children on the Verlorenkloof Farm. This is the 5th year I’ve facilitated this project, with the participation and the enjoyment increasing exponentially each year, with both boys and girls of all ages participating. These coaching clinics happen at various stages throughout the year, and it’s been quite a remarkable journey from its early stages of the clinic, where most of the children had never seen a rugby ball before, let alone learnt any of the rules.

My aim at the start of the project was never to coach or identify the next Siya Kolisi, but rather to illustrate the life skills to the children that rugby instils so well. Life skills such as teamwork, inclusivity, discipline and the value of physical exercise are just some of the skills and life lessons which I had hoped the children would take away from the rugby sessions which will be of value to their future endeavors.

The sessions usually start off with a few passing drills, where after we engage in a game of “touch rugby”. During half time the children are then treated to oranges or watermelon as a refreshment. Due to the growing participation at our last rugby clinic, I decided to include some coaching reinforcements in the form of my friends Peter Gerber, Charl Pretorius, Cara Kotze and Josephine du Plessis. The additions of the girls to the coaching team were a huge hit among the girls in the village, as it was the catalyst for the inauguration of the local Verlorenkloof hair salon (see image below).

Hopefully these rugby coaching clinics will continue to be beneficial to the kids and all those involved in the years to come – Geor Schulze, Croft 23

Hlokomela Creche

Hlokomela Creche

Newsletter 1 – To all our Verlorenkloof Owners, Friends and Guests                                                             

As you may already know, Verlorenkloof helped their staff to establish a crèche a few years ago. Our Hlokomela Crèche became a place where parents can send their little babies and toddlers in the knowledge that they will be safe and well cared for, while they themselves tend to the needs of Verlorenkloof Estate. For the last few years, the crèche found a home in the Old Farmhouse.  This year however, the new management couple, Cobus and Magriet Engelbrecht moved into the farmhouse and the crèche had to find a new home.

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Wild trout are back in our river!

We are celebrating a huge success for trout farming after 350 wild trout fingerlings were released into a section of the Crocodile River running through Verlorenkloof.

We first noticed a decline in trout numbers after 2015 as the effect of the drought, low water flows and high ambient temperatures became evident. When the river recovered in 2017, we were incredibly surprised when we found that the surviving trout had produced a brood of wild fingerlings in the previous winter season. The optimal water temperature for trout is 15°C. Verlorenkloof measured water temperatures of up to 25 °C in extreme conditions. As temperature rises and dissolved oxygen decreases, fish begin to experience stress. A population of trout that have been selected to be more resistant to temperature stress will be more sustainable in a warming climate.

The Verlorenkloof Wild River Fish Project was the vision of Eric Johnson and started when 10 wild trout were caught in the river by a group of expert anglers, including Daniel Factor and Marius Grobler, in 2019 and entrusted to neighbouring Lunsklip Fisheries for breeding. Lunsklip Fisheries raised and took care of the brood stock, stripped, and fertilised the eggs and bred a batch of fingerlings in the winter of 2020. This meant we now essentially had new stock of wild trout! 

Early in May this year, with the assistance of Marius Grobler and Conrad Jacobs from North Gauteng Fly-fishing, the river was stocked with the wild fingerlings bred by Lunsklip Fisheries. Since the release of the fingerlings, the river fishing has recovered wonderfully. The new fish have adapted well to the natural wild environment and seem to have rejuvenated the wild trout that remained in the river.

We are getting regular reports from anglers of prolific fishing, with healthy vigorous trout caught with both nymphs and dry flies. The Crocodile River at Verlorenkloof is well on its way back to becoming one of the premier flyfishing rivers in South Africa once more!

South Africa risks losing rich insights into an ancient farming society

South Africa risks losing rich insights into an ancient farming society

South Africa risks losing rich insights into an ancient farming society

Bokoni terracing on Verlorenkloof farm on the Mpumalanga escarpment. The Heritage Portal
Peter Delius, University of the Witwatersrand

The remnants of a forgotten world can be found all along the Mpumalanga escarpment. You can see glimpses of it if you watch the passing countryside when driving through this area.

You will see sections of buildings in stone near the sides of the road, further away on the hills above you and the valley sides below.

An aerial view of the escarpment reveals clusters of stone walling and sprawling expanses of stone circles, mazes of stone ridging linked by long stone passages. These structures span 150 kilometres from Ohrigstad to Carolina and connect over 10,000 square kilometres of the Mpumalanga escarpment.

It’s a world of stone settlements and agricultural innovation that archaeologists have been aware of for many decades. But these structures have not received the attention they deserve from researchers, heritage agencies or tourist authorities.

Part of the reason for this historical neglect was a racist insistence that because these sites were built from stone they can’t have been the work of Africans. Various outsiders, including ancient Indians and visitors from outer space, have been credited with constructing them. One consequence of these risible assertions was to distract resources and attention from serious research and much needed preservation.

But in recent years interdisciplinary research has formed the core of new understandings of the stone-walled structures. These sites are the remnants of the Bokoni society which once dominated the escarpment.

The Bokoni developed an intricate circular stone system that protected cattle at night. The Heritage Portal

Ancient master farmers

The settlements emerged around 1500 and lasted until the 1820s. They were based on intensive farming techniques including massive investment in stone terracing and cattle paths which allowed for the cultivation of rich volcanic soils on the hillsides of the escarpment.

Crop cultivation was combined with closely managed livestock production. Cattle were kept at the heart of settlements at night and moved out during the day to feed on the diverse grasslands that existed on the higher lying slopes and in the valleys below.

This pattern ensured that highly nutritious milk could play a central part in the diet of these communities. And this probably contributed to an unusually large population developing in Bokoni by the standards of the time.

This system was unique in South Africa and was the largest intensive farming system in south or east Africa. It connected to systems of long distance trade which spanned the interior and linked to the east coast and the vast and ancient Indian Ocean trading system.

Trade pioneers

Visitors to Delagoa Bay made mention of a ‘Grain King’ living in the interior. The sorghum and millet produced on the escarpment were exchanged for copper and iron goods from Phalaborwa and Messina. This regional trade connected to an international network of exchange and currency which was based on the export of gold, ivory, cloth, glass beads and, increasingly, slaves.

This system of trade and production was the beating heart of a regional economic system that long preceded development of mining-based processes of development which are conventionally seen as the beginning of South African economic history.

A documentary called Forgotten Worlds captures the incredible structures on film.

The walls also stand in mute but eloquent reproach to the host of commentators who have suggested that prior to the arrival of settler farming, African agriculture was rudimentary, subsistence-oriented, transient and barely capitalised. The terraces mock the academics who have argued that production for markets only became prevalent amongst Africans in the last decades of the nineteenth century and were rooted in colonial pressure and opportunity. Bokoni provides ample evidence of high levels of innovation, skill and agrarian specialisation.

The end of an era

The way of life that had emerged in Bokoni was destroyed in the 1820s as a result of attacks by the armies of new, more militarised states such as the Ndwandwe, Swazi and Zulu kingdoms which intruded on this area. The Bokoni settlements – which were rich in people, cattle and grain and organised on the basis of production – were no match for armies skilled in warfare. The population was either taken captive, especially women and children, or fled to safer areas.

This sudden tragic ending helps to explain why the history of Bokoni has been undervalued. History has a tendency to focus on the winners and ignore the losers no matter how successful they might have been.

Given the rapidly expanding body of work on this lost world one would have expected state and provincial heritage agencies to be at the forefront of protecting and promoting them.

This, sadly, has not been the case.

The walls of the Bokoni farming structures dot the landscape, protected by many landowners but not by heritage structures. The Heritage Portal

A criminal neglect

A degree of disinterest was more understandable in the context of apartheid, which ignored forms of African heritage that could not be used to buttress ethnic divisions. But the neglect of Bokoni after 1994 is an indictment of the effectiveness of national and provincial heritage agencies. It is an expression of the blinkered and self-referential vision of the dominant political organisations in relation to history and heritage.

The Bokoni settlements have received no official recognition as a heritage site. Even more alarming is the fact that little in the way of protection has been extended to prevent the destruction of key sites and artefacts. Many of them are in a state of dereliction and decay, open to plunder and strewn with litter.

Walls that have stood for hundreds of years are in grave danger of finally being toppled by official indifference, vandalism and unregulated development.

Important preservation initiatives have been taken by local landowners and communities, but a huge amount more needs to be done to ensure that the marvels and puzzles provided by these myriad sites are available for future generations to visit, research and debate.The Conversation

Peter Delius, Professor emeritus, University of the Witwatersrand

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.